under the snowy peaks, of the Parvati Valley is situated
the hot springs at Manikaran. The water from the
steaming springs is noted for its healing properties.
The springs in the area are hot enough to boil rice in
it. Manikaran, a place of pilgrimage for Hindus and
Sikhs, has a temple and a gurudwara. It is also a good
spot for trout fishing.
Ramchandra temple is located in the center of the town
and one can have a very good look in and around this
temple. The Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji Gurudwara provides
some extraordinary sights. One can enjoy a dip in the
hot waters from the springs. There are altogether three
baths, one is located under the Gurudwara itself and the
other two are privately owned and located in
LEGEND OF MANIKARAN
wandering of in the forests of the Himalayan ranges Lord
Shiva and Goddess Parvati came across a place now called
Manikaran. The mountain-locked area, the lush green
patches and the forests charmed them and they decided to
stay there for sometime.
long as eleven hundred years they remained at this
place. At one time, when the Lord was relaxing with the
Goddess, in the beautiful waters of a stream running by
the side, the 'MANI' (Jewel) in an earring of the
goddess dropped somewhere.
was much distressed and there was a thorough search but
efforts to find out the jewel failed. Lastly, the Lord
ordered his attendants, to trace out the jewel, wherever
it may be. That was also unsuccessful. Lord Shiva got
enraged, as a result of which his third eye opened. With
the opening of the third eye of the Lord Shiva, a very
ominous event, there was a great commotionall over the
universe. The entire universe was very upset and
apprehended a great calamity.
Nag', the serpent god, was approached. In order to
subside the anger of Lord Shiva, Shesh Nag hissed and
hissed and there was a flow of boiling water, which
passed over the area and out came a number of precious
stones of the type which were lost. Lord Shiva was
pacified. The water still continues to be hot. Before
the earthquake of 1905, which affected this area also,
it is said, that this boiling water used to rise, to
about ten-feet high.
visiting deities are given a ceremonial bath. The second
chapter of 'Brahm Puran' recites the story of Manikaran
as given above. The place is described as one of hot and
cold waters and the divine pair had repaired there for
water sports known as 'Jal-Krida'. Fragrant and
attractive flowers graced the place and by a bath at the
'Sangam' one is eternally blessed. The Brahm-Puran
enjoins the pilgrims pass a night awake at Manikaran and
do puja or 'Raat-Jagran'.
the pilgrims obtain the full virtue of the world. The
story of the loss of the jewel and the frantic search
and ultimate recovery is vividly described. The tract is
Lord Shiva's own and a pilgrimage at this place is
adequate and one need not visit Kashi and other places
Ramchandra Temple: There are several temples in the
Mani Karan village. The most important is that of Lord
Ramchandra. The Pandas or priests of the village claim
that the idol of Rama was brought from Ayodhya and
installed in this temple by the Raja of Kulu but this
lacks a historic confirmation. There was also an idol of
Lakshman the younger brother of Lord Rama Chandra, which
has now disappeared. On the left hand side of the Lord
is the idol of Goddess Sita. The temple is very old and
on one of the stones in its wall, the history of the
temple is written which is not legible.
Lord Shiva: There is another very old temple of Lord
Shiva, which got tilted during the earthquake of 1905.
The great prestige with which Manikaran is held is seen
by the fact that the Devatas of Kulu valley pay regular
visits to Manikaran. The followers of the individual
deities at different places are carried ceremoniously in
a procession to Manikaran on specified auspicious days.
Sri Guru Nanak
Dev Ji Gurudwara: The place is also held sacred by
the Sikhs. The Janam Sakhi or the 'Twarikh Guru Khalsa'
by Giani Gian Singh mentions about the visit of Guru
Nanak Dev to this place. It has been mentioned that
accompanied by his disciple Bhai Mardana, the Guru
reached Jwalamukhi temple after visiting Kalanaur,
Gurdaspur, Dasuya, Triloknath, Palampur and Kangra. The
Guru then proceeded towards Mandi and after visiting
Chamba and Kulu, he came to Bijli Mahadev. After
preaching at all these places Guru Nanak Dev came to
Mani Karan. The Janam Sakhi or the "Autobiography
of Bhai Mardana" mentions the miracles did by the
Guru. The Guru came to Mani Karan along with his Five 'Piaras'
Hot Springs: By
taking bath here and by drinking water of this place,
people go to Heaven, this is said of the Manikaran tract
since the times immemorial. It is just like 'Kashi
Kshetra' and there is no doubt about it. On examination
it is understood that the Manikaran hot spring is said
to have got Uranium and other radio active minerals.
Mountain & Parvati River: On the northern side,
there is a mountain, which is named as Harinder. Merely
a look at this mountain will make a person free from all
evils and on the south is the Parvati River.
Kulant Pith: Out
of all sectors 'Piths' of the country, this sector,
which is called 'Kulant Pith', is the superior most.
Here, the most sacred place of pilgrimage is Manikaran,
and in it the 'Vishnu Kund' is the purest of all. Lord
Shankara was mightily pleased to stay here and this is
absolutely true. No other tank in the world, could be
more pure than these high rising tanks. Even a drop of
water from the tanks will make one free of all evils.
Narad, on account of the influence of the Shankara's
eye, said that this sacred place, causes the
disappearance of anger and evils. One who eats the food
cooked in this boiling water goes to the Vishnu Lok